A recent article by Janakiram MSV in Forbes provided an overview of edge computing and explored how the definition of the technology has changed over the past decade.
In the past, the author said, “edge computing meant delivering static content through a distributed content delivery network (CDN).”
Today, however, edge computing “has evolved into an extension of the public cloud running in extremely diverse environments and computing contexts,” he said. Factors including cloud computing, industrial IoT, artificial intelligence, and 5G networks have effectively broadened the scope and expanded the boundaries of the edge, Janakiram MSV said.
In the article, he defines six new forms of edge computing that “cover the whole spectrum spanning the devices to the cloud,” as follows:
- Micro edge: Runs within the context of a microcontroller and a microprocessor.
- Mini edge: Is based on a single board computer built on either ARM64 and AMD64 architecture.
- Medium edge: Represents a cluster of inexpensive machines running at the edge computing layer.
- Heavy edge: A hyperconverged infrastructure appliance running within an enterprise data center.
- Multi-access edge: Moves the computing of traffic and services from a centralized cloud to the edge of the network and closer to the customer.
- Cloud edge: Relies on modern application development paradigms such as containers and microservices to distribute the workload.
Read the complete article at Forbes.